Canadian Light Source Inc. (CLS)

University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Area(s) of Expertise

The CLS is Canada’s national synchrotron research facility, where intense beams of light are generated to probe the nature and structure of matter.

The only synchrotron in Canada, CLS offers research techniques that provide exceptional insight into materials, along with innovative commercial-research access, strong intellectual-property policies and industry-sector-specific scientific experts. 

By increasing our understanding of chemical bonding and structure, we gain powerful insights into substances as varied as soils, mine wastes, catalysts, ores and minerals, biological tissues, functional foods and nutrient supplements, forensic evidence and manufactured materials, such as metals and alloys, ceramics and polymers.

What the facility does

Canada’s national synchrotron facility for health, environmental, pharmaceutical, energy, agriculture, and life science research

Research Services

Earth and environmental sciences:

  • Mapping of elements and chemical compounds and source rock and reservoir characterization
  • Metal speciation (critical for environmental site assessments / remediation)
  • Aerosol analysis
  • Waste characterization


  • High-resolution protein crystallography
  • Characterize metals in proteins and patent validation

Life science:

  • Nutraceutical analysis
  • Tissue and cellular mapping and structural proteomics

Materials science:

  • Wear analysis
  • Thin-film analysis
  • Corrosion analysis
  • In situ material analysis
  • Surface analysis
  • Novel-materials characterization
  • Failure analysis
Sectors of Application
  • Aerospace and satellites
  • Agriculture, animal science and food
  • Automotive
  • Clean technology
  • Defense and security industries
  • Energy (renewable and fossil)
  • Environmental technologies and related services
  • Life sciences, pharmaceuticals and medical equipment
  • Manufacturing and processing
  • Mining, minerals and metals

Name of equipment

Short description of function

Biomedical Imaging and Therapy

Conventional absorption imaging
Phase contrast or in-line holography
Ultra-small, small, wide-angle scattering imaging
Computer tomography (CT)
Diffraction-enhanced imaging (DEI)/multiple-image radiography (MIR)


Imaging: conventional absorption imaging, DEI/MIR, CT, K-edge subtraction (KES)
Therapy: microbeam radiation therapy, CT therapy

Canadian Macromolecular Crystallography Facility

Single anomalous dispersion (SAD)
X-ray diffraction
Multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion (MAD)
XANES on crystals


Single-crystal X-ray diffraction
Multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion (MAD)
XANES on crystals

Far-infrared spectroscopy

Fourier transform absorption spectroscopy

Hard X-ray microanalysis

X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS)
Powder diffraction
X-ray scattering

High-resolution spherical grating monochromator

X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)
Auger electron spectroscopy (AES)
X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL)
Gas-phase photoionization
TOF measurements

Mid-infrared spectromicroscopy

Spectromicroscopy at diffraction-limited spatial resolution
Photoacoustic spectroscopy
Polarization modulation IR spectromicroscopy
Focal plane array (FPA) microscopy for large-area mapping

Resonant elastic and inelastic X-ray scattering

X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)
X-ray emission spectroscopy
Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering
Resonant elastic X-ray scattering
Magnetic X-ray dichroism
Molecular beam epitaxy sample preparation

Soft X-ray microcharacterization beamline

X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)
X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL)
X-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD)
Photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM)
X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD)
Resonant spectroscopies
Photo and auger electron spectroscopy
X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS)

Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy

Photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM)
Scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM)
Circular polarization: 130 – 1000 eV
Linear polarization: 130 – 2500 eV

Synchrotron Laboratory for Micro and Nano Devices

Deep X-ray lithography
LIGA process lithography steps

Variable line spacing plane grating monochromator

X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)
X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL)
Photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM)
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and auger electron spectroscopy (AES)
Time-of-flight (TOF) and gas-phase photoionization measurements

Very sensitive elemental and structural probe employing radiation from a synchrotron

X-ray Laue diffraction
X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
X-ray absorption near-edge structure
Differential aperture X-ray microscopy
Multi-bandpass and pink beam capability