Sport Officiating Studies (SOS) Centre

Ontario Tech University (University of Ontario Institute of Technology), Oshawa, Ontario
What the facility does

Research on amateur sport officiating, recruitment, development, retention, education, resilience, motivation, and perceived organizational support.

Areas of expertise

The Sport Officiating Studies (SOS) Centre is focused on exploring various aspects of amateur sport officiating. Researchers at the lab aim to investigate resilience, motivation, and explore the impact of perceived organizational support among officials. The lab’s primary areas of focus include the recruitment, development, and retention of amateur sport officials.

Through extensive research and practical insights, the Centre is dedicated to advancing knowledge and understanding in the field of amateur sport officiating, ultimately aiming to enhance the experiences of officials, promote their well-being, and improve the quality of sporting events at an amateur level.

Research services

The SOS Centre works directly with amateur sport organizations, providing consulting services and educational seminars upon request.

Sectors of application
  • Arts and cultural industries
  • Education
  • Management and business related services
  • Policy and governance



SPSS Statistics

Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Statistical software for data analysis.

Qualtrics Experience Management (XM) platform

Online survey software.


  • Ontario Soccer
  • Ontario Basketball (OBA)
  • Baseball Canada
  • Sport for Life
  • Sport Psychology and Officiating Research Team (SPORT) (Memorial University)



Prof. Lori Livingston, Faculty of Health Sciences.

Sport Officiating: Recruitment, Development, and Retention.

Factors contributing to the retention of Canadian amateur sport officials: Motivations, perceived organizational support, and resilience.

Safe sport: Rules are an essential piece of the puzzle.

Creating a safe, equitable, and inclusive culture for sport officials.

Sport officiating recruitment, development, and retention: A call to action.

“Just bounce right back up and dust yourself off”: Participation motivations, resilience, and perceived organizational support amongst amateur baseball umpires.

Resilience, motivations for participation, and perceived organizational support among aesthetic sport officials.

Changing the call: Rethinking attrition from ice hockey the officiating ranks.