Magmatic and Ore-Forming Processes Research Laboratory

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
What the facility does

Research on Earth materials

Areas of expertise

In situ microanalysis of solid materials. Most elements in the periodic system can be quantitatively analyzed with high-precision, from ng/g to weight % level concentrations. This can be done from sampling areas as small as a few micrometers in size while being observed under a microscope. In addition, we are specialized in the analysis of fluid and silicate melt inclusions in minerals. The LA-ICP-MS is run and maintained in a manner to ensure the lowest possible detection limits for most trace elements, and it is equipped with several custom-built features facilitating optimal analysis of fluid and melt inclusions in minerals. We are also experienced with the analysis of challenging elements, such as Au, Ag, platinum group elements, sulfur and halogens. We are also equipped with facilities to study chemical equilibria at extreme conditions, up to P=3 GPa and T=1600o C. 

Research services

Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) analysis, Micro-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (micro-FTIR) analysis, Electron Probe Microanalysis (EPMA), data processing. 

Sectors of application
  • Aerospace and satellites
  • Chemical industries
  • Construction (including building, civil engineering, specialty trades)
  • Defence and security industries
  • Energy
  • Environmental technologies and related services
  • Life sciences, pharmaceuticals and medical equipment
  • Manufacturing and processing
  • Mining, minerals and metals

Equipment in use


Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (LA-ICP-MS)

In situ trace and major element analysis

Micro-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

In situ qualitative and quantitative

analysis of molecular species

High Pressure Lab

Studying chemical equilibria up to 3 GPa and 1600o C

Electron Probe Micro Analyzer

In situ quantitative analysis of major and minor element concentrations in solid materials